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הHē , fifth letter; = numeral 5 in postB . Heb. ; no evidence of this usage in OT times.

הַ· TWOT 459 , הַ , הָ , הֶ (on the use of these different forms, see the Grammars: e.g. Ges § 35), definite article , the ( so Moab. Ph. ( Schröd § 62–4), Liḥyan (NW. Arabia) ha ( DHM Epigr. Denkm. 4. 13. 58 ff. ; not Assyrian Aramaic or Ethiopic: Arabic

اَلْ ( ˒al ), of which, before dentals, sibilants, and liquids, the l is written but not pronounced, thus اَلشَّمْسُ ( ˒aš-šamsu ) pron. ˒ash-shamsu = Heb. הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ ) —in gen. the use of the art. in Heb. is analogous to its use in Greek or German: but naturally there are applications peculiar to Hebrew ( comp. with what follows Ges § 126 Ew § 277):— 1. joined with substantives: a. to mark a definite concrete object, as Gn 1:1 the heavens and the earth, הַמֶּלֶךְ the king, etc. Never, however (as in Greek e.g. ὁΠλάτων ), before true proper names, though it is used with certain terms, chiefly geographical, of which the orig. appellative sense has not been lost, as

הַבַּעַל ‘Baal,’ lit. ‘the lord,’ in pl. הַבְּעָלִים i.e. the various local Baals,

הַשָּׂטָן the Adversary Jb 1:6 ff. (as a pr. n. שָׂטָן , ‘Satan,’ only 1 Ch 21:1 );

הַלְּבָנֹון (but not הַחֶרְמֹון ), הַיַּרְדֵּן (but not הָאַרְנֹן ), הַכַּרְמֶל ,

הַשָּׁרֹון the Sharon, הַשְּׁפֵלָה the (Judaean) lowland, הַכִּכָּר ,

הַמִּישֹׁור the (Moabite) table-land, הָעֲרָבָה , הָעַי ˓Ai ,’ הַגִּבְעָה Gibeah ,’ Ju 20:5 ff. , הַגָּלִיל ‘Galilee,’ הַגִּלְגָּל , הַגִּלְבֹּעַ , הַבָּשָׁן , הַגִּלְעָד (often), הַשִּׁטִים , הַמִּצְפָּה , הָרָמָה , הַיְשִׁימֹון , הָעֹפֶל , הַפִּסְגָּה . b. with an adjective to denote one who exhibits a quality κατ᾽ ἐξοχήν , i.e. to express the compar. or superl. degree: so often, as Gn 1:16 המאור הגדל the greater light, הקטן המאור the lesser light, 27:1 בנו הגדול = his

= equivalent, equals. postB post-Biblical. Heb. Hebrew.

OT Old Testament. TWOT Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament . Ges W. Gesenius, Heb. Gram. ed. by Kautzsch;

Ph. Phenician. Schröd P. Schröder, especially circa., Phönizische Sprache . DHM D. H. Müller, Epigrophische Denkmäler, or Epigr. Denm. aus Arabien , or Epigr. Denkm. aus Arabien, or Epigr. Denkm. aus Abessinien
comp. compare, compares, comparative.

Ew H. Ewals, Heb. . Gram.; pl. plural.
n. nomen , noun.

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